Revisiting and intervening in the 1994 Rwandan mass genocide
In 1994, the United Nations failed to aid in the halt of the mass genocide in Rwanda. Despite evidence brought to the attention of the UN beforehand, and even with mass killings occurring at the time, the UN failed to prevent the Rwandan genocide, leaving up to a million people dead. Sparked by the preexisting animosity between the minority: Tutsi and majority: Hutu ethnic groups, the Rwandan genocide was a product of colonialism. During Rwanda’s colonial period, Belgian colonialists favored the Tutsis over the Hutus, creating a legacy of tension that exploded into violence. The UN received great criticism regarding the minimal role they played in the issue. As delegates of this council, it will be your job to put a stop to the genocide and prevent it from escalating any further.
Reevaluating the role of UN and its peacekeepers in the Srebrenica massacre
Following the 1992-1995 Bosnian war, Bosnian Serb forces moved into Srebrenica and executed about 8000 Muslim men; they then went on to dumping their bodies into pits, thus making this the worst post-Second World War massacre Europe had witnessed. The UN has been ones to blame for this massacre as they declared Srebrenica as an area that’s “free from any armed attack or any other hostile act”. Furthermore, 600 Dutch UN peacekeepers surrounded the city and asked Bosnian Muslims to surrender their weapons in hopes of preventing violence. However, this was not the case, the Un peacekeepers had to watch Bosnian Serb forces massacred thousands of Muslim men as they stood there, defenseless. Delegates of this council will have to rethink the UN’s intervention in the Srebrenica massacre and come to an elaborate solution, bearing in mind the goals of the UN.
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